Ichimoku Charts in Forex Trading Details
Posted Tuesday, April 12, 2022 12:42 (AM) by- Kevin Smith
Ichimoku Charts in Forex Trading

Ichimoku Charts in Forex Trading

The Ichimoku Kinko Hyo, also known as the equilibrium chart, is a technical indicator that identifies higher probability transactions in the forex market. Despite the fact that it is new to the public, it has gained favor among both rookie and expert traders. The Ichimoku is well-known for its uses in futures and equities trading because it displays more data points, which results in more dependable price movement. In addition, the tool provides different testing options and integrates three indicators into one chart to enable traders to make the most educated choice possible. Learn how the Ichimoku works and how it may be used to a trading strategy by watching the video below.


  • The Ichimoku chart isolates higher probability trades in the forex market.
  • The Tenkan and Kijun Sens lines are used as a moving average crossover signaling a change in trend and a trade entry point.
  • The Ichimoku "cloud," represents current and historical price action.
  • The Chikou Span represents the market's sentiment by showing the prevailing trend as it relates to current price momentum.

Getting to Know the Ichimoku Chart

In order to execute well on the Ichimoku chart, a trader must first get a fundamental grasp of the components that comprise the chart. In contrast to most other technical indicators and chart applications, the Ichimoku was developed and revealed in 1968 in an unconventional method. While most applications in the industry were developed by statisticians or mathematicians, the indicator was developed by a Tokyo newspaper writer called Goichi Hosoda and a small group of aides who ran a large number of computations. 1 A large number of Japanese trading rooms are now using this indication since it allows for many checks of the price movement, resulting in greater probability trades. However, despite the fact that many traders are startled by the large number of lines produced when a chart is really applied, the components may be simply converted into more widely recognized indicators.

The program is composed of four basic components, each of which provides the trader with critical insights into the price activity of the foreign exchange market. In this section, we'll examine into the Tenkan and Kijun Sens lines. As a moving average crossover, the lines may be used to translate the 20-day and 50-day moving averages, but the periods for each are somewhat different.

1. The Tenkan Sen: calculated as the sum of the highest high and the lowest low divided by two. The Tenkan is calculated over the previous nine time periods.

2. The Kijun Sen: calculated as the sum of the highest high and the lowest low divided by two. Although the calculation is similar, the Kijun takes the past 26 time periods into account.

What the trader would want to do here is utilize the crossing to open the position, just as he would with a moving average crossover in the previous example. When we look at our example in Figure 1, we can clearly see a crossing of the Tenkan Sen (yellow line) and the Kijun Sen (red line) lines (orange line). This decrease merely indicates that near-term prices have fallen below the longer-term price trend, indicating the beginning of a downtrend or a move down.

Figure 1: A crossover in similar Western branded fashion.

Now let's take a look at the most important component, the Ichimoku "cloud," which represents current and historical price action. It behaves in much the same way as simple support and resistance by creating formative barriers. The last two components of the Ichimoku application are:

3. Senkou Span A: the sum of the Tenkan Sen and the Kijun Sen divided by two. The calculation is then plotted 26 time periods ahead of the current price action.

4. Senkou Span B: the sum of the highest high and the lowest low divided by two. This calculation is taken over the past 52 time periods and is plotted 26 periods ahead.

The region between the two lines on the chart is referred to as the Kumo or cloud after it has been plotted on the chart. The cloud, which is far thicker than ordinary support and resistance lines, provides the trader with a complete filtration. It is more likely that the thicker cloud will tend to take currency market volatility into consideration rather than providing the trader with a visibly thin price level for support and resistance. An first break through the cloud, followed by a subsequent move above or below the cloud, will indicate a better and more likely trading opportunity. Take a look at Figure 2 to see how the two are compared.

Using the USD/CAD exchange rate as an example, we can see that there is a similar disparity between the two currencies. Despite the fact that our standard chart (Figure 2) shows a firm support level at 1.1522, we later witness a retest of the level at 1.1522. At this point, some trades will almost certainly be stopped out when the price movement returns to the level, which is a source of anxiety for even the most experienced traders.

Figure 2: Classic support and resistance break.

The cloud, on the other hand, acts as a great filter in our Ichimoku example (see Figure 3). Taken together, the cloud implies a stronger trading opportunity on the breach of the 1.1450 resistance level, especially when the volatility and apparent take are taken into consideration. The price movement does not reverse in this case, allowing the trade to remain in the general decline momentum.

Figure 3: Ichimoku creates a better break opportunity.

The Chikou Span is the last element of the Ichimoku puzzle. The Chikou Span is a Japanese indicator of market mood that is generated using the most recent closing price and charted 26 times behind the price movement. When the prevailing trend is shown in relation to the present price momentum, this feature provides an indication of the market's mood in the market. The interpretation is straightforward: when sellers control the market, the Chikou span will hang below the price trend, and when buyers dominate the market, the reverse happens. It will climb and linger above the price action if a pair is still considered favorable in the market or if it is picked up.

Figure 4: Chikou helps to sort out market sentiment.

Putting the Ichimoku Chart All Together

There's no better substitute for learning how to trade the Ichimoku chart than application. Let's break down the best method of trading the Ichimoku cloud technique.

Figure 5: Lines that tell a complete story.

Trading the Ichimoku Cloud

Using the U.S. dollar/Japanese yen (USD/JPY) as an example in Figure 4, the scenario in Figure 5 will concentrate on the currency pair oscillating in a range between 116 and 119 numbers in the currency pair. A result of the range-bound situation throughout the first four months, the cloud serves as a substantial support and resistance barrier in this case. After it is confirmed, we may turn our attention to the Tenkan and Kijun Sen.

As previously stated, these two indicators work as a moving average crossover, with the Tenkan indicating a short-term moving average and the Kijun reflecting a baseline level of performance. As a consequence, the Tenkan crosses below the Kijun, indicating a downward trend in price activity on the stock market. Due to the fact that the crossover occurs inside the cloud in Figure 5, the signal is still ambiguous and will need to be cleared of the cloud before an entry can be considered.

We can further validate the negative feeling by looking at the Chikou Span, which, at this moment, is still below the current price movement. If the Chikou indicator was above the price action, it would indicate that bullish sentiment had been confirmed. In the end, we're searching for a short position in the U.S. dollar/Japanese yen currency pair, therefore we're putting everything together.

Figure 6: Place the entry ever so slightly in the cloud barrier.

Because we are equating the cloud with a support/resistance barrier, we will want to see the session conclude below the cloud before entering into any form of short sell position. In this case, we see a verified breach of the cloud, with the price movement stalling around a key support level at 114.00. The trader may now choose between placing the order one point below the session low of 114.56 or placing the order one point above the support level of 114.56. Placing an order one point below the current price would serve as proof that the momentum is still in place for a further decline in the price.

Afterwards, we position the stop slightly above the peak of the candle inside the cloud formation. In this case, it would be at 116.65 centimeters. If the momentum is still in place, the price action should not rise over this price point. As a result, we have an entry at 114.22 and a matching stop at 116.65, resulting in a risk of 243 pips on our position. The transaction will need a risk/reward ratio of at least 1:1, with a preferred risk/reward ratio of 2:1 for real possibilities in accordance with smart money management. To illustrate, we will maintain a 2:1 risk/reward ratio as the price falls to a low of 108.96 before pushing back up to the previous high of 111.94. This translates to around 500 pips and a risk-to-reward ratio of 2:1, indicating a potentially successful opportunity.

One important point to keep in mind is that the Ichimoku may be applied to longer durations, as seen by the fact that this example provides daily numbers. Because the volatility is concentrated in shorter periods, the program will not perform as effectively with several technical indicators.

To Recap the Ichimoku Chart:

1. Refer to the Kijun/Tenkan Cross. The potential crossover in both lines will act in a similar fashion to the moving average crossover. This technical occurrence is great for isolating moves in the price action.

2. Confirm Down/Uptrend With Chikou. The probability of the trade will increase by confirming that the market sentiment is in line with the crossover, as it acts in similar fashion with a momentum oscillator. Oscillators are technical indicators that track price action with upper and lower bands.

3. Price Action Should Break Through the Cloud. The impending down or uptrend should make a clear break through of the "cloud" of resistance or support. This decision will increase the probability of the trade working in the trader's favor.

4. Follow Sound Money Management When Placing Entries. The trader will be able to balance risk/reward ratios and control the position by adhering to strict money management rules.

The Bottom Line

At first glance, the Ichimoku chart indication seems to be daunting, but once understood, any trader will find the application to be beneficial. The chart combines three indicators into a single display and provides a filtered view of the price movement for currency traders to consider. Additionally, this method will not only boost the likelihood of a trade in the foreign exchange markets, but it will also aid in the identification of actual momentum plays. Using the Ichimoku indicator, you can avoid taking on further risky trades if the position has a potential of losing some of its previous earnings.

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